Third-party insurance business sinks Knight-Swift’s Q4

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Management from Knight-Swift Transportation sees weak demand carrying through the first quarter with hopes of normal sequential improvement by spring. The company announced worse-than-expected fourth-quarter results on Thursday as slightly favorable trends to start the period turned sour in the closing weeks.
Knight-Swift (NYSE: KNX) reported a headline net loss of 7 cents per share for the 2023 fourth quarter. Excluding acquisition expenses, legal fees and impairments related to the sale of equipment, adjusted earnings per share were just 9 cents compared to the consensus estimate of 44 cents and the year-ago result of $1.
“The full truckload market capacity oversupply, coupled with customers’ efforts to reduce inventory levels have contributed to a difficult operating environment,” said President and CEO Dave Jackson.
The period included a $71.7 million operating loss in its third-party insurance offering, which was a 30-cent drag on the number. Knight-Swift said it has initiated a process to exit that business as it continues to see unfavorable claims developments among the pool of small carriers to which it brokers insurance. Through the downturn, the unit has also struggled to collect premiums from some operators.
All outstanding liability policies will be canceled and the unit will be unwound during the first quarter. Knight-Swift will still have some claims exposure but significantly less than the magnitude experienced in recent quarters.
Analysts lowered fourth-quarter numbers heading into the tape given a falloff in activity industrywide in the last two weeks of December.
Using a normal tax rate, higher net interest expense (due to acquisitions) was an 8-cent headwind compared to the prior year while lower gains on equipment sales were a 1-cent headwind.
Table: Knight-Swift’s key performance indicators – Consolidated
The company only provided first-half 2024 guidance compared to a full-year outlook, which it normally provides in its fourth-quarter report each year. Knight-Swift is calling for adjusted earnings per share of 90 cents to 98 cents in the period (39 cents in the first quarter at the midpoint of that range and 55 cents at the midpoint of the second quarter range).
Management said inclement weather led to double-digit-percentage revenue declines in the first two weeks of the year, which was partly the reason for the shortened outlook.
The new guide assumes continued softness in the truckload business in the first quarter with some seasonality in the second. Contract rates are expected to remain stable sequentially. Less-than-truckload demand is expected to stay strong with improving yields.
The 94-cent first-half guide (at the midpoint) is less than half of the $2.08 consensus estimate at the time of the print. Most analysts are expecting at least some degree of acceleration in TL fundamentals in the back half of the year.
The TL segment reported a 26% y/y increase in revenue (excluding fuel surcharges) to $1.16 billion as average tractors in service increased 30% and revenue per tractor was off 3%. The y/y comparison included the acquisition of U.S. Xpress, which closed on July 1.
Revenue per loaded mile (excluding fuel) was down 12% y/y, which pushed margins lower. A 93.9% adjusted operating ratio was 1,120 basis points worse y/y. U.S. Xpress produced operating income on an adjusted basis in the period after multiple quarters of losses. The fleet, however, was a 250-bp drag on the overall segment.
Jackson said only a “minority” of its customers are trying to push pricing lower currently. It noted that a continuation of elevated costs has left it with little ground left to concede.
“We are not in a position to lower our rates through bids right now,” Jackson said.
Table: Knight-Swift’s key performance indicators – TL
The LTL segment recorded a 14% y/y increase in revenue (excluding fuel) to $232 million. Shipments were up 12% y/y and revenue per shipment increased 2% (up 7% excluding fuel). Revenue per hundredweight was up 10% excluding fuel.
Knight-Swift added 14 LTL terminals to its network in 2023. The company said it will add a total of 25 terminals in 2024, some of which were formerly occupied by Yellow Corp. It said it takes 60 to 90 days from open until the new service centers begin to record breakeven results.
The LTL unit recorded an 85.5% adjusted OR in the period, which was flat y/y.
Table: Knight-Swift’s key performance indicators – LTL
The logistics unit recorded a 5% y/y decline in revenue even with the addition of U.S. Xpress. Revenue per load was off 7% and the segment recorded a 93.1% adjusted OR, which was 670 bps worse y/y.
The intermodal segment lost money for a third straight quarter. Revenue was down 16% y/y as revenue per load fell 20%, which was just partially offset by a 4% increase in volumes. A 104.7% OR was 1,000 bps worse y/y.

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